Diagnostic Laboratory Testing at Lawrence Veterinary Hospital
Lawrence Veterinary Hospital has an in-house Laboratory for extensive diagnostic testing, allowing animals to receive appropriate treatment in a timely manner. Our laboratory consists of in-house blood chemistry and automated hematology analyzers which allows us to get immediate results in critical situations. Values for Blood Chemistry, Complete Blood Counts, Urinalysis, Blood Glucose, in-house Cytology, tests to detect Intestinal Parasites, Parvovirus, Feline Leukemia, FIV and Heartworm are performed by our own Registered Veterinary Technicians.
Diagnostic procedures requiring a Pathologist, Thyroid level tests and Liver Profiles are sent by courier to a referral Veterinary Laboratory.
Many technologies that help humans live longer, healthier lives are available to your pet. By having Lawrence Veterinary Hospital perform some basic blood tests, we can gather information concerning the health and well-being of your pet.
Complete Blood Count
This blood test consists of several tests that evaluate the number and type of blood cells in the circulation. Cells that are evaluated consist of white blood cells (WBC), red blood cells (RBC), and platelets.
White blood cells are important in helping the body fight infection. Red blood cells are fundamental for carrying oxygen to the body's tissues. The measurement of these cells can indicate anemia, infection, leukemia, stress, and inflammation.
Platelets are involved in the blood clotting process and if low (in number) can indicate a bleeding disorder.
The hematocrit (HCT) provides information pertaining to the relative number of red blood cells (RBC) in circulation. This test is used to diagnose anemia and dehydration.
These tests survey many of the organ systems of the body in order to make sure they are working properly.
Albumin (ALB) - Low levels indicates chronic liver or kidney disease, intestinal disease, or intestinal parasites (hookworm).
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) - Elevated with liver disease or injury.
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALKP) - Elevated levels can indicate liver disease or Cushing's disease.
Amylase (AMYL) - Elevated blood levels can indicate pancreatic and / or kidney disease.
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) - Reflects kidney and liver disease as well as dehydration.
Cholesterol (CHOL) - Elevated levels are seen in many disorders. Some include liver and kidney disease and hypothroidism.
Creatinine (CREA) - Elevated levels can be due to kidney disease or urinary tract obstruction.
Blood Glucose (GLU) - High levels can indicate diabetes. Low levels can indicate liver disease, infection or certain tumors.
Total Bilirubin (TBIL) - Levels of Bilirubin are useful in diagnosing anemia and bile duct problems.
Total Protein (TP) - This can detect many conditions. Some include liver, kidney, and gasrointestinal diseases as well as dehydration.
Calcium (Ca) - Increased levels are seen with certain tumors and kidney and parathyroiud gland disease.
Phosphorus (PHOS) - Elevated levels can indicate kidney disease.
Sodium, Potassium, Chloride - all should be within normal levels. Vomiting, dehydration, and diarrhea can affect their levels.
Pre-Anesthesia Blood Testing
Testing Reduces Risks in Small Animal Anesthesia
The practice of veterinary medicine often requires the use of anesthesia. Anesthesia is sometimes used in order to perform even the most routine procedures. Pets don't understand that they need to be calm and still during dental procedures or while an x-ray is being taken. Some pets are so nervous that they won't even allow a veterinarian to perform a physical examination without some type of chemical restraint (tranquilizer or anesthetic)
Pet owners are often concerned about the risks associated with anesthesia, particularly with an older pet. Even though the anesthesia risks are relatively minor for routine procedures performed on young and healthy pets, there is always the potential for complications.
Lawrence Veterinary hospital recommends a complete physical exam, laboratory blood tests, as well as other diagnostic procedures enable veterinarians to screen for potential problems and risks before anesthesia is administered. This procedure is relatively inexpensive and well worth the time and money.
Blood Hematology Analyzer
Studies have shown that about 10 percent of animals involved in pre-anesthetic laboratory testing have had their normal anesthesia protocol altered. In a third of these cases, the procedure was postponed until the problem was corrected.
Blood Chemistry Analyzer
A young healthy pet's blood work may simply consist of a total protein and red blood cell count. Older pets are more likely to have an underlying disease, and more extensive blood analysis (serum chemistry) may be necessary. The results obtained from the serum chemistry provide the veterinarian with information on the health and function of the kidneys, liver, and other organs.
Remember, pre-anesthesia testing is advantageous to your pet's health.
Pharmacy-in-house and online
Lawrence Veterinary Hospital maintains an extensive pharmacy for your pet's needs. We have a convenient online pharmacy with competitive prices and carry a complete line of prescription diets from Hill's, Purina and Royal Canin.